ABOUT THE TITLE In a way this web site is about the history of the universe and of mankind and that squares with my interest in cosmology, the evolution of the universie, human evolution, the development of human society and finally how I think we are going to destroy it all, which seems a shame considering all the trouble nature went to to create the universe, the earth and us.

Some years ago I read Transformations amd it introduced me to the concept of reciprocity which is a generalizedd verson of the Golden Rule and all its variations.

There is a wonderful Wikipaedia article about the Golden Rule from which I will quote extensively as well as give a link to the site.

We generally consider outselves an "advanced" civilization and according to Stephen Pinker we are because we kill a smaller percentage of our population than earlier human societies.
But I think this is wrong-headed thinking. What matters to us is what we do today. And if the peaceful, advanceed united states caan be responsible for killing on the order of two million people as a result of starting two catastrophic wars then this is just plainly horrendous. We know better. But we have not yet done on a significant scale what Karen Armstrong wrote about in Transformations, namely learned to put ourselves in the other persons shoes.

The wealthly get wealthlier on the suffering of the poor. There is no justice built into a free market economy and humanity (with exceeptions) has not figured out how to put it there. And not only do the wealthly pay a low tax rate, they have armies of lawiers setting up phony corporations on remote islands trying to get out of paying any taxxes at all. And our esteemed president takes away health care from poor children to make all these tax dodges possible. The result is that $20,000,000 home is built on the blood and suffering of sick and dead children. Most wealthly and practically no one in govenrnment is trying on anyone else's shoes. This is a tragedy of uncalculable proportions. I have no words to express my contmpt for those who have much becaause of thee nature of our economy and continue to take as much as they can get.

Hence the URL of this website:

The Golden Rule (which can be considered a law of reciprocity in some religions) is the principle of treating others as one would wish to be treated. It is a maxim that is found in many religions and cultures.[1][2] The maxim may appear as either a positive or negative injunction governing conduct: One should treat others as one would like others to treat oneself (positive or directive form).[1] One should not treat others in ways that one would not like to be treated (negative or prohibitive form).[1] What you wish upon others, you wish upon yourself (empathic or responsive form).[1] The Golden Rule differs from the maxim of reciprocity captured in do ut des—"I give so that you will give in return"—and is rather a unilateral moral commitment to the well-being of the other without the expectation of anything in return.[3] The concept occurs in some form in nearly every religion[4][5] and ethical tradition[6] and is often considered the central tenet of Christian ethics[7][8]. It can also be explained from the perspectives of psychology, philosophy, sociology, human evolution, and economics. Psychologically, it involves a person empathizing with others. Philosophically, it involves a person perceiving their neighbor also as "I" or "self".[9] Sociologically, "love your neighbor as yourself" is applicable between individuals, between groups, and also between individuals and groups. In evolution, "reciprocal altruism" is seen as a distinctive advance in the capacity of human groups to survive and reproduce, as their exceptional brains demanded exceptionally long childhoods and ongoing provision and protection even beyond that of the immediate family.[10] In economics, Richard Swift, referring to ideas from David Graeber, suggests that "without some kind of reciprocity society would no longer be able to exist."[11]
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